Pictograms and Road Signs For The Environment: How To Create Your Own

Environmental signs are the signs in the environment and on products that makes it easy for people to interact smoothly with products for their usage as well as the things in the physical environment such as roads, streets etc. Two main signs are discussed in this article namely,
pictograms on the package and road / traffic signs.


Pictograms are graphical symbols representing an idea or thought. They mostly have an association with the idea that they portray. Today, most pictographs are used as symbols on packaged products to warn clients of the dangers or hazards associated with mishandling of the product. They also educate clients about the 'likes and dislikes' of the product. Examples of pictograms mostly used on packages are shown below.

a. Umbrella with drops of rain falling on it- This indicates that the product is waterproof.
b. Broken Glass- This means the product is breakable or fragile, so it has to be handled with care.
c. This Way Up- This is a symbol with arrows that indicates where a package is supposed to be opened.

Road Signs

Road signs are the signs identified along the streets to show road users what to do and what not to do at particular times and places on the road. Road users include motorists, pedal cyclists, motorcyclists, and pedestrians. Road signs and markings are used to guide, warn, inform, direct, prohibit and regulate the usage of the road. Road signs are classified into three, namely:

1. Warning signs

2. Regulatory signs

3. Informatory signs

1. Warning signs

These traffic signs are encoded in red triangular borders with white backgrounds. They indicate a hazard ahead on the road that may be hidden from road users. Examples are:

a. Right Bend- This means the road ahead bends to the right.
b. Roadway Narrows- This indicates that the road ahead narrows.
c. Pedestrian Crossing- This means that pedestrians cross the road at that section and that, drivers must drive slowly at that spot.

2. Regulatory or Prohibitory signs

These traffic signs are encoded in red circular borders with white backgrounds. They are used to indicate a regulation that applies to the use of traffic lanes on the road as well as vehicles ahead of them.

a. No U-turn- This indicates that road users, especially motorists must not move their vehicles in a U-turn at that section of the road because it is not permitted by the road licensing authority.
b. No Entry- This means that no vehicle is allowed to enter that spot.
c. No Overtaking- This indicates that it is risky for motorists to overtake

3. Informational / Directional signs

These traffic signs give information to road users on the names of particular locations on the street, the mile coverage to towns and villages along the road etc. They are either in blue or green colored shapes. The shapes are mostly rectangular in shape.

a. 50KM to Mampong (A town in Ghana) – This gives an information to motorists that they are about 50km to Mampong.

Creating your own signs

There are several rich ideas that are readily available in the environment which the graphic artist can tap for use. They include animate and inanimate objects such as trees, stones, animals, flowers, etc. Also, numerous ideas can be generated from geometric shapes such as triangles, rectangles, square, hexagon, etc. Other viable sources of ideas can be obtained from photographs, illustrations and drawings as well as type or font styles.

The young graphic artist can follow the various stages in idea development to come out with original and unique designs which he can attach symbolic or philosophical meanings to them. The various stages of idea development are:

– Critical examination and analysis
– Analytical drawing
– Add or delete ideas
– Add color to the design
– Create one or two original designs

1. Critical examination and analysis- This is the first stage in idea development. It involves making a critical examination and analysis of the object, which new ideas can be generated.

2. Analytical drawing- This is the second stage in idea development. At this stage, the artist makes a detailed or analytical drawing of the object under study. He draws the object exactly as it is.
3. Add or delete ideas- The artist skillfully adds or delete some ideas to the original design drawn. This gives the resultant design a new and original look.

4. Add color to the design- The artist gives the create design different color effects to see how the final design will look like.

5. Create one or two original designs- Based on the design created, the graphic artist brainstorms and creates an additional one or two original designs. He may apply different color effects to the created designs. He then shows it to friends, relatives or collections and solicits for their general comments and choice. The best design is selected and used for the desired purpose.

The Benefits of Holiday Travel Insurance

Tourism is a growing industry worldwide. So are undesirable things like terrorism, flight crashes, accidents, wars, disease, natural calamities etc. Any experienced traveler can tell you that travel is full of uncertainties. But it is not possible to sit at home afraid of calamities. Holiday travel insurance is one way of mitigating the financial risk of such unforeseen events or calamities.

There are a variety of holiday travel insurance policies available today on the internet or the market. It is easy to get confused with so many offers. However most holiday travel insurance policies have certain basic benefits which are common. Holiday travel insurance policies typically provide coverage for:

Trip cancellation / interruptions. Trip cancellation / interruptions due to a variety of reasons like death of an immediate family member, weather, sudden illness, bankruptcy of airliner, jury duty, terrorist activities etc.

Medical costs. Costs incurred for doctor visits, medicines, treatment, surgery etc and some policies even provide coverage for costs of medical evacuation to the nearest medical facility.

Accidents. Accidents or calamities like earthquakes, tsunami, storms etc and the related costs. Some policies also provide vehicle accident costs. These are especially useful when going for a driving holiday to a foreign country. Most of your regular policies for auto insurance only provide insurance within the United States and do not provide for accidents out of the US.

Baggage Loss. Costs incurred for loss of baggage and valuable is also covered by most travel insurance policies. These are especially useful when going out for a shopping holiday for antiques, valuables, jewelry or electronics.

All the above-mentioned costs are borne by the travel insurance company depending upon the travel insurance policy. Before purchasing the policy read the fine print carefully, especially the parts covering, deductibles, co-insurance, specific limits, exclusions, hotline numbers and emergency services. Purchasing a policy for a family works out cheaper. Purchasing a policy online also works out cheaper as you do not have to pay for the insurance agent.

The History of Anime – Where Did Anime Start?

Are you interested in Japanese filmmaking, have you ever wondered, while watching their anime, drama or manga, where it all started? Anime first started off in Japan in the 20th century briefly after the boarders were opened in the late 19th. This made the animation techniques that developed in the West easy to transport to Japan by 1914. “The very first three animated films created in Japan fit on one reel and were between one to five minutes long.”(Patten) The content of these works were primarily of old folk tales and samurai legends. Japanese animators were greatly influenced by American animators so the black and white style was a must but the rounded heads and animal adaptations of people was Japan’s first signature to making a style all to their own.

Many animators were urged to produce animations which enforced the Japanese spirit and national affiliation as a result of cultural nationalism, that japanese government began to enforce. Anime started to gain more appeal. The one to five minute shorts about common folk tales gave way to a more Western like style. The change in style meant that Anime was now going in a comedic fashion used to lighten people’s moods on intense topics like war.

In 1970 Anime introduced its most popular style of work yet: Mecha. Mecha, which is short for mechanical, involved large robots that were used in times of war. Also a theme variation started to show itself through Anime. Writers began to twist the good guy/bad guy roles and relationships. The idea of a troubled hero presented itself in shows like Lupin Sansei where a human infected with a demon had to use the evil inside him to defeat other demons.

If you are interested in watching anime, its just one click away.

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Sell Beats For Money

Did you know that you can actually sell beats for money? If you are a producer and you love to create your own beats, then I have good news for you. You can actually make some money in the music industry by just creating your own beats.

Everyday a lot of new and upcoming artists which includes singers and rappers need instrumentals so they can start writing their music. Instrumentals actually help by inspiring them and help them in creating their song. This is the reason why they usually go online searching for some beats to purchase. This is where you come in.

Fortunately, it is easy to sell beats for money. Here is a short but effective way on how to do it.

1) Check the Requirements

Before you can start making your own beats, you need to have certain requirements. First, you will need to have a laptop and Internet connection. Your laptop will be where the beat software will be installed. This is where your beat creation process will take place. Meanwhile, the Internet connection is for selling your beats. You need to be able to visit beat websites so you can start posting and making money off your instrumentals.

2) Start Creating

Once you have the requirements ready, it is time to start creating your own beats. You can do this by carefully selecting and studying a beat making software. If you are going to browse the Internet, you will find that there are a lot of beat making software available. Choose one that appeals to you and spend your time learning it. It may take days but it will be worth it. After learning, you will now be able to create your own beats.

3) How to Sell Your Instrumentals

When you have your beats ready, you can now log online and sell your beats for money. There are many ways to sell your beats. You can either have your own website or you can simply post your beats in beat databases. Having your own website helps in attracting professional artists. It gives them a place to listen to your beats while getting to know you as a producer. Meanwhile, posting your beats on databases will give you more exposure. And you can expect that people who visit these websites are really there to purchase some beats.

While you can do both so you can sell your beats for money, you can start with posting your beats on databases if you do not have the initial money to create a website. It will get you started in the beat making industry without initial funds.

So as you can see, selling beats for money is actually easy. You just need to carefully choose your beat making software and you need to have some listening skills. Also, remember that it is better to spend more time in crafting your instrumentals. High quality will always be better than high quantity. Only expect to make lots of money when you have high quality instrumentals for sale.